These informative guidelines will help you have a successful and rewarding experience learning an instrument. These are practical tips that our school and other music schools have discovered from years of teaching. These tips are true based on our experience with teaching hundreds of students each year at the Springfield Conservatory of Music.

1. How Young is too Young – Starting at the Right Age

Adults can start any instrument at any time. Their success is based on how willing an adult is to commit to practicing. We teach many beginner adult students and seniors.

For children, starting at the right age is a key element to the success of their lessons. Some people will tell you “the sooner the better” but this attitude can actually backfire and be negative. If a child is put into lessons too soon they may feel overwhelmed and frustrated and may want to stop lessons. The last thing you want to do is to turn a child off music just because they had one unpleasant experience, which could have been prevented. Sometimes if the child waits a year to start lessons their progress can be much faster. Children who are older than the suggested earliest starting age usually do very well. The following are guidelines we have found to be successful in determining how young a child can start taking music lessons.

2 – 4 Years Old

If a pre-schooler has a keen desire and wants to start music, a group preschool music class will give them a good foundation in music basics, which will be helpful in later private lessons. At this age, private lessons generally do not work as the child has not yet experienced the formal learning environment of kindergarten or school and learns more effectively through the game oriented preschool environment.

If a child at this age is to begin private lessons it is essential that they recognize, and can name the letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G and the numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4. 


At our school 3 years old is the youngest age that we start children in private piano lessons. Our recommended age is 4 years old. At this age they have begun to develop longer attention spans and can retain material with ease.

Guitar – Acoustic, Electric and Bass

5 years old is the earliest age we recommend for guitar lessons. Guitar playing requires a fair amount of pressure on the fingertips from pressing on the strings. Children under 5 generally have small hands and may find playing uncomfortable.

Bass guitar students generally start at 10 years and older.

Voice Lessons

12 years old is recommended as the youngest age for private vocal lessons. Due to the physical nature of voice lessons (proper breathing techniques, development of the vocal chords and lung capacity), the younger body is generally not yet ready for the rigors of vocal technique. 

Voice (under the age of 12)

The Conservatory of Music recommends that students under the age of 12 begin lessons as part of our children’s choir. Private lessons are available for younger students. These classes and private lessons include musical drama and theory. Lessons are tailored to the capabilities of the younger student. 


The average age of our youngest drum student is 8. This varies greatly depending on the size of the child. They have to be able to reach both the pedals and the cymbals.

Flute, Clarinet & Saxophone

Due to lung capacity (and in the case of the saxophone the size of the instrument), we recommend that most woodwind beginners are 9 years of age and older.

Violin & Viola

We accept students from the age of 5. Some teachers will start children as young as 3, but experience has shown us the most productive learning occurs when the beginner is 5 and older.

Cello & Double Bass

Due to the large size of these instruments and the thickness of their strings we recommend students 12 and over to begin these instruments. 


The trumpet requires physical exertion and breathing. 9 years of age and older is an appropriate time to start the trumpet.

2. Insist on Quality Private Lessons when Learning a Specific Instrument

Group classes work well for the preschool music programs, and theory lessons. However, when actually learning how to play an instrument, private lessons are far superior since in private lessons it is hard to miss anything and each student can learn at their own pace. This means the teacher does not have to teach the class at the middle of the road level, but has the time and focus to work on the individual student’s strengths and weaknesses. For that lesson period, the student is the primary focus of the teacher. The teachers also enjoy this as they do not have to divide their attention between 5-10 students at a time and can help the student be the best they can be.

3. Take Lessons in a Professional Teaching Environment

Learning music is not just a matter of having a qualified teacher, but also having an environment that is focused on music education. With only ½ to one hour of lesson time per week, a professional school environment can produce better results since the only focus at that time is learning music. Students in a school environment are also motivated by hearing peers who are at different levels and by being exposed to a variety of musical instruments. In a music school, the lessons are not a hobby or sideline for the teacher but a profession and responsibility, which is taken very seriously.

4. Make Practicing Easier

As with anything, improving in music takes practice. One of the common problems with music lessons is the agenda of practicing and the agreement between parents and students to reserve time to practice every day. 

Here are some ways to make practicing easier:

a) Time – Set the same time every day to practice so it becomes part of a routine or habit. This works particularly well for children. Generally the earlier in the day the practicing can occur, the less reminding is required by parents to get the child to practice.

b) Repetition – We use this method quite often when setting practice schedules for beginners. For a young child 20 or 30 minutes seems like an eternity. Instead of setting a time frame, we use repetition. For example, practice this piece, or section of this piece, 4 times every day, and this scale 5 times a day. The child then does not pay attention to the amount of time they are practicing their instrument, but knows if they are on repetition number 3 they are almost finished.

c) Charts and Graphs – Teachers at our school have designed practice charts and graphs to guide the student with correct practice skills and techniques necessary to perfect a piece. Practicing correctly saves time and progresses students to advanced levels quicker.

d) Rewards – This works very well for both children and young adult students. Adult students may reward themselves with a cappuccino for a successful week of practice. In our school we reward young children for a successful week of practicing with stars and stickers for their work and trophies for their accomplishments. Praise tends to be the most coveted award- there just is no substitute for a pat on the back for a job well done. Sometimes we all have a week with little practicing, in that case there is always next week.

5. Use Recognized Teaching Materials

There are some excellent materials developed by professional music educators that are made for students in a variety of situations. For example in piano, there are books for young beginners, and books for adult students that have never played before. There are books that can start you at any level you are comfortable with. These materials have been researched and are continually upgraded and improved to make learning easier. These materials ensure that no important part of learning the instrument can inadvertently be left out. If you ever had to move to a different part of the country, qualified teachers and institutions will recognize the selected materials and be able to smoothly continue from where the previous teacher left off.

Have Fun!!

Music should be something that you enjoy for a lifetime. So, try not to put unrealistic expectations on yourself or your children to learn too quickly. Everyone learns at a different pace and the key is to be able to enjoy the journey.

Springfield Conservatory of Music

(413) 733-2713